Excavations at Khirsara

Khirsara (23º50'N: 69º05'E), Dist. Kachchh (2009 – 2013)

Khirsara is a small village situated at a distance of about seven km south of Ravapar on the Bhuj-Narayan Sarovar State Highway and five km north of Netra. The site locally known as ‘Gadhvadi’ is two km east of the village and is surrounded by two seasonal streams on the northern and southern side which drains into the river Khari flowing at a distance of around 400m away.

The excavation in this double fortified settlement roughly trapezoid in shape has revealed corner bastions and salient at regular intervals. The excavations inside the fortifications has revealed residential structures with interconnected rooms, entrances, door sills, pillar bases, chullahs, flooring with mud brick materials and street with rammed materials. The Ware house was noticed in the south-eastern side with a set of 14 parallel walls in north-south orientation. It measures 12m at the north-south axis and 28m at the east-west. A rectangular platform was provided at the northern end which might served as a working platform. On the south-eastern corner, an entrance was provided with guard rooms on either side of the passage with a flight of steps which leads to the Ware house. The Citadel was noticed on the west of the Ware house and revealed complexes with closed entrances, door sills, chullah, drain, flight of steps, post holes and a well.

Just opposite the northern face of the Citadel remains of a ‘factory site’ was exposed with a 5m pathway in between them. The excavations has revealed well planned complexes with spacious inter-connected rooms, multifarious entrances, stone paved and plastered flooring, pillar bases, drains, water tank, series of storage jars, flight of steps, kilns, hearths, etc.

The ceramic assemblage of Khirsara consists of a vast variety in shape and surface treatment. The site has also yielded almost all types of Harappan artifacts which includes nine seals of various types and shapes.