This Year's Excavations

The documentation work of Vadnagar was started on 16th October 2014 and preliminary investigations were completed by 21st October 2014. The team of the Excavation Branch V, Vadodara tried to document the archaeological remains of Vadnagar to understand the nature of archaeological features available in the town and the adjoining landscape. The team also tried to explore the excavated remains, dynamics of early historic town planning as found in Vadnagar and archaeological potential of the site. Accordingly, the team of Excavation Branch V, ASI, Vadodara, led by Dr. Madhulika Samanta carried out the documentation process in the following manner.

A brief description of these explorations are given below here.

  • Initial foot surveys with handheld GPS and camera to note the surface scatters in and around the town.
  • Further documentation of potential archaeological sites on the basis of their topography.
  • Shifting of benchmark to a suitable location in the town to facilitate further landscape analysis.
  • Calculation of height of various locations in the town from MSL with the help of a total station.
  • Documentation of the entire periphery of the current fortification wall with the help of a hand held GPS.
  • Documentation of the exposed excavated remains through drawing and photography.
  • Documentation of ancient monuments with the help of GPS, photography and recording of current status.
  • The collected data was analyzed with the help of Google imagery.

Besides the fortified settlement, the team explored the eastern and northern banks of the Sharmistha Lake and the Gauri Kund region as well. The reason for this emphasis is the evidence of earlier explorations. Earlier excavators and explorers from the Archaeological Survey of India and M.S. University, Baroda opined that the earliest habitation of Vadnagar was located at the eastern side of the Sharmistha Lake and around Gauri Kund. During the course of the survey the team was able to locate six potential areas in Vadnagar for further archaeological researches.

The objectives of the excavations at Vadnagar are following.

  • Establishing the antiquity of the habitation at these two places.
  • Understanding the basic archaeological features available in the town and the adjoining landscape.
  • Understanding the nature of material remains found at these locations and their relationship with the outside world.
  • Understanding the nature of the trade contact between Vadnagar and the outer world.
  • Finding out the dynamics of early historic town planning as found in Vadnagar and to understand the potential of the site as a regional centre for trade in the ancient world.